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What are the Four Types of Rosacea and How to Treat Them

Types of Rosacea

When you have areas of redness on your face, you might have a skin condition known as rosacea. While facial redness is a common symptom of this condition, rosacea can cause other symptoms depending on which type you have. In order to find effective treatment, it’s helpful to learn more about the different types of rosacea.

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea

This type of rosacea, also known as subtype one, causes facial redness and flushing, especially in the central part of your face. The blood vessels in these areas might also be visible just under the surface of your skin. Some of these blood vessels might have a broken appearance. You might also have swelling in the affected parts of your face or sensitive skin. This type of rosacea can also cause you to develop areas of scaly or rough skin or experience a burning or stinging sensation in the affected area.

 Papulopustular Rosacea

This type of rosacea, which is also called subtype two, typically causes facial redness and acne-like bumps. These small, pus-filled bumps can appear on your forehead, cheeks, chin or other parts of your face. You might also have them on your chest and neck. When you have papulopustular rosacea, you might also have oily skin and visible blood vessels. This type of rosacea can also cause raised patches to form in the affected areas.

Phymatous Rosacea

Phymatous rosacea, also known as subtype three, can cause the affected areas of your skin to thicken and become bumpy. You might develop thickened skin on your nose, cheeks, forehead or other areas of your face. In some cases, the affected skin can become discolored. When you have this type of rosacea, you might also have enlarged pores and visible blood vessels. This type of rosacea occurs more often in men.

Ocular Rosacea

Ocular rosacea, also known as subtype four, affects your eyes. This type of rosacea can cause you to have bloodshot eyes or watery eyes. Your eyes might also develop persistent dryness or a burning sensation. You might feel as though there is something in your eyes, or you might have greater sensitivity to light. Ocular rosacea can also cause vision problems, eye cysts and visible blood vessels on your eyelids.

Rosacea Treatment

Rosacea is considered a chronic condition, and there is no cure for it. However, there are many ways to control the symptoms of different types of rosacea and prevent them from flaring up, including lifestyle changes and medication. Lifestyle changes typically include avoiding triggers that cause your symptoms to flare up. Our dermatologists at Valley Skin Institute can work with you in helping you identify what causes flare-ups to occur, so that you can avoid these triggers. Using gentle skin products, moisturizing your skin frequently and protecting your face from UV rays, wind, cold air and other outdoor elements can also help. For ocular rosacea, keeping your eyelids clean might also help reduce flare-ups.

Medications are available to help treat rosacea when lifestyle changes aren’t effective enough. These include topical medications for reducing redness, oral antibiotics to treat pimple-like bumps and oral acne medications for severe rosacea. Other treatment options for rosacea include light-based therapies and laser therapy, which help treat redness. Our dermatologists at Valley Skin Institute can provide the treatment you need for rosacea symptoms.

Effective Rosacea Treatment in Fresno

If you’re looking for rosacea treatment, please contact Valley Skin Institute to request an appointment. Our dermatologists in Fresno can provide you with safe and effective treatment to ease symptoms of rosacea and help you achieve and maintain healthy skin.

Dr. Leslie Storey | Valley Skin Institute

Dr. Leslie Storey is a board-certified physician specializing in medical and surgical dermatology. Her mission is to find and remove skin cancer, which she does more than 2,000 times a year. An expert in Mohs Surgery, Dr. Storey’s patients often comment that they are amazed at how minimal their scar is after they have healed from surgery. If you notice anything suspicious on your skin, request an appointment with Dr. Storey to have it checked out.

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